Launceston Examiner Friday 15 December 1882
THE TYPHOON AT THE PHILIPPINES. —
Respecting the typhoon that passed over the Philippines on October 22, the following meagre particulars are supplied by the Hong Kong daily press :—” The 20th October, 1882, will be chronicled in the annals of Manila as a dia triste. To some cities it would prove, after the rava- ges of the cholera fiend, a crowning misfortune, but, rich in resources, the fair capital of Luzon will illustrate that marvellous resilience in recovering from adversity which places deriving their wealth from Nature’s inexhaustible store- houses always display. The superintendent of the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company sends us the following:—The following summary taken from a Manilla newspaper was received on Saturday by telegraph from Bolinao:— Variedades Theatre destroyed. Tondo theatre ruined. Tobacco Factories Fortin greatly damaged. Foreign merchants’ houses suffered much. Malati in ruins. Eleven vessels on shore at Santa Lucia. Observatory says lowest barometer at 11.40 a. m., 727.60 ; highest velocity wind registered, 144.4 miles an hour. Unable to measure greatest velocity of typhoon as anemometer damaged. In Ermita only house standing is Macleod’s. No house standing between Divisoria and Dulambayan. Sampaloc unroofed. Greatest typhoon since 1831. Wind so strong, lightning rods two yards long were bent double. Pieces of iron roofing so heavy that six or eight men could not lift them blown some distance and rolled like cigars. Damage much greater than great earthquake of 1880.
The wind speeds were almost identical to the current storm
Weather officials said Haiyan had sustained winds of 235 kph (147 mph) with gusts of 275 kph (170 mph) when it made landfall. By those measurements, Haiyan would be comparable to a strong Category 4 hurricane in the U.S., nearly in the top category, a 5.